Opioids are a type of drug which can be used to reduce pain. Opioids are also called narcotics or opiates. Some opioids are legal and others are illegal. 

Legal opioids are drugs prescribed by doctors to treat moderate to severe pain. Examples:

  • Oxycodone (such as OxyContin)

  • Combination medications containing opioids (such as Vicodin or Percocet)

Illegal opioids are street drugs or prescription pain medication not prescribed to the user. Examples:

  • Any of the above drugs not prescribed to the user

  • Heroin

  • Fentanyl

  • Carfentanil

For common drug terms and nicknames, see our Drug Dictionary.

Anyone Can Become Addicted

Prescription drug misuse

Prescription drug misuse is any use of a prescription drug outside of the way it was prescribed, such as using without a prescription, using for the experience or feeling it causes, and selling or sharing the medication. Some signs of misuse are:

  • Taking more pills than prescribed

  • Taking doses too early

  • Using someone else’s prescription drugs

  • Using for reasons other than what they were prescribed for

Protect Your Medications

Substance use disorder

Substance use disorder is a pattern of use or misuse leading to significant impairment or distress. Some signs of opioid use disorder are:

  • Using a prescription drug to “get high”

  • Unable to control or cut down use

  • Taking in larger amounts or for longer than intended

  • Developing tolerance or having withdrawal

  • Unable to do what you are supposed to do for work, family, or school due to opioid use

If your doctor prescribes you an opioid:

  • Follow your doctor’s and pharmacist’s recommendations

  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you have about your prescription

  • Do not share your prescription with anyone else

  • Do not take more than what is prescribed

  • Do not combine with any other drug or alcohol

  • Get rid of unneeded or unused medication at any medication collection box.

It is important to remember that everyone reacts differently.  If you have concerns, talk to your doctor.